25 7月 論文代筆-良好的領導力和創新技術是成功的使命
Leadership has to be such that the situation is handled successfully and the astronauts were to be brought back home safely (Weintraub, 2013). Situational leadership or Contingency leadership is a leadership style where the leader would be able to take charge of the situation and ensure that the project objectives were met. Kranz, as the flight director, exhibited elements of the situational leadership. He kept his ground crew occupied with the collection of information, and helped each of them focus on their job and at the same time ensured that they were able to coordinate well with the astronauts in space. After the explosion, a series of systems were shutting down, and in this time, there was reason to panic.
However, Kranz was said to have stated a simple command that made everybody a little more relaxed and more in control of the situation which was “Okay now, let’s everybody keep cool. Let’s solve the problem, but let’s not make it any worse by guessing” (Reilly, & Wren, 2002, p.30). This was a very practical and down to earth advice that Kranz gave his crew members and it was something that helped calm both the ground crew and also the astronauts. It was both his communication style and leadership style that helped the men to be more in control. The levelheaded thinking of Kranz did not betray panic and this helped the men stay motivated.
The second main element or concept that saved the day was the bricolage conceptualization that was used. Bricolage is a technique where a traditional thinking would be replaced by a more situational one based on creativity. In the case of the Apollo 13 mission, NASA engineers needed a Carbon dioxide filter and had to use bricolage in order to come up with an adhoc solution that saved the day (Corbett, & Katz, 2013). While the concept of Bricolage might not be something useful in project situations, in the case of the pressing need of Apollo 13, there was a necessity to enable the astronauts to think more creatively. The combined communication tactics, good leadership and newer techniques of creativity were what led the mission to be successful (Corbett, & Katz, 2013).