Kidney transplant can be done within the country for people who are medically suited to receive the process. Usually the transplant kidney would be harvested from a donor person who is living or from a person who is deceased. Operation in the context of a living donor might mean that the person who is receiving the kidney may not even require dialysis. Usually in Australia, it is assessed that the average wait time for kidney is around four years. In a twelve-month period, it is furthermore identified that around 94 percent of the transplant kidneys are working. Kidney transplant is different from most other transplants like a heart transplant that can be done only after the donor is dead. Kidney transplant also requires active monitoring like any other transplant. The person who has received the kidney might have to take immunosuppressant all their life.
As of 2016, it is identified that in Australia around 705 kidneys have been transplanted. Kidney transplant is the highest, followed by liver, heart and lungs. Donation rates indicate that Victoria and the Australia Capital Territory have the highest donation rate per million, followed only by New South Wales, Tasmania etc. (Australia Government Organ and Tissue Authority, 2017). In terms of statistics, it is identified that the number of organ donations are at the highest in 2016. More active engagement and awareness with respect to organ donation is being planned in the country. Only around 69 percent of the total population of the country wants to become an organ donor at the moment. In the case of organ donation after death, around 60 percent of Australian families would have discussed the donation option. Around 36 percent of the population affirms that they know the donation decision. 93 percent believe that they will go ahead with the donation.
Chronic kidney disease is one of the contributors for kidney failure. The end stage of renal disease requires a transplant. It has been suggested that in Australia, around 17 million of Australians in the age group of 18 and over already exhibit signs of reduced kidney functions and other CKD symptoms. Only 10 percent of the population is aware that they might have a chronic kidney disease problem, which means that around 1.5 million people are unaware until they are on treatment. There are also some discrepancies in awareness noticed based on the ethnicity of the population. For instance, it was observed that in the Aboriginal Torres Strait Islander there are more strong indicators and little less awareness. Remote living also contributes to this.