Even in the case of working women, it was noticed that women might be earning much less than the men. The Human development report for India indicates that women might be far lesser in numbers in management positions and leadership positions also. There is a high level of inequality in education and almost a fourth of the HDI value for India is seen to be lost when it comes to educational considerations and gender. If the HDI of the country was calculated with respect to only gender differences where women are only considered then the country would actually rank 151 of 188, on the other hand if the rank was to be adjusted based on men then it would come at 120.
In terms of education and employment advantage it is hence seen that men might have more to gain (The Hindu, 2015). Without equity and equality, India hence faces problems in development (Appendix 8). While around 70 percent of farm work is being performed by women, women employment in the agricultural sector is still restricted to less skilled jobs without much prospects to diverge (Rao, 2006). They are restricted to working under severely limiting conditions and the weather changes will have an impact on the permanency and sustainability of their work.The variations in the employment and development of the agricultural sector are one more reason for the multidimensional poverty that is present in the country. Now according to the structural change approach economies such as India would “transform their domestic economic structures from a heavy emphasison traditional subsistence agriculture to a more modern, more urbanized, andmore industrially diverse manufacturing and service economy.
It (the structural change theory) employs the toolsof neoclassical price and resource allocation theory and modern econometrics todescribe how this transformation process takes place” (Smith, and Todari, 2003, p. 116). The problems in such a movement from traditional subsistence to modern ways of working and living are that there should be equal opportunity for everyone to develop themselves and the country is severely restricted here (Banerjee, and Duflo, 2005). The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative develops the Multidimensional Poverty Index. Now according to this index, around 50 percent of the Indian population could be poor in a multidimensional way. They could either suffer from vulnerable employment situation, might have less female force participations, or less or no unemployment benefits etc. (The Hindu, 2015).