The internal monetary landscape is seen to have emerged the fall of the hybrid exchange rate system of the Bretton Woods. It clearly explains the state that lies somewhere in the polar cases of the gold standards and the pure float. The system seems to be flexible with indicating the flexible exchanges rates that are seen in the major countries. The active central interventions are clearly identified with the aid of the cases that considered by the form of the major currencies. As the industrialization and the development of the countries are seen, the majority of the research aims to focus on the currency markets since the early 1970’s. It is focused for the purpose of characterizing the flexibility of the exchanges rate under the hybrid regime (Farmer, 2014). The proportion of the exchange rates currently focuses on the models that critically explain the essentiality of various forecasts. As the post-Bretton Woods era is considered, the result regarding the explanation of the major currency movements is seemed to be surprising in nature, and the unpredictable situations are raised with undertaking the theoretical models.
The distinctive features can be indicated in the form of the asset bubble formation that is the formation and the collapse. The mortgaging of the financial system is characterized by the rapid rise in the housing prices and the retrenchment in the housing and the prices finance. The collapse of the mortgage of the bubble is indicated to be associated with the worst economic downturn. The above mentioned two financial bubbles are having some precedents. One of the unique features of the recent market bubbles is the occurrence of the rapid evolution during the period of the technological advancement in the global financial systems. This development enables the improvement in the statistical modelling, and the widespread availability of the market data with the formation of the unique features for the purpose of hedging the risks rose. This creates a financial sophistication among the participants in the market, and thereby, the two substantial bubbles seem to emerge despite the significant increase in the complexity of the financial markets. The rise of the speculative excesses in the financial market has led to some causes which include the misaligned incentives, lack of the investor sophistication, fraud and the experiences. The example can be illustrated in the form that during the period, a lack of institutional investor foresight is seen which gave rise to the risks during the evaluation of the mortgage instruments. The difference in the sophistication was being created between the homeowners and the mortgage originators.