美国论文代写:企业社会责任

22 2月 美国论文代写:企业社会责任

美国论文代写:企业社会责任

相反,在企业社会责任的背景下,股东采取了一些行动;在这方面,可以提供社会责任投资基金的例子。SRI基金有一种投资方法,即在选择他们希望投资的公司时,考虑到环境和社会因素以及财务业绩。这些资金往往有一个坚定的立场;在机构投资者如养老基金,在美国和欧洲工作的情况下这是真的(Schwaiger 2004)。负面筛选是SRI基金为选择他们希望投资的公司而使用的工具之一。

美国论文代写:企业社会责任
这包括消除从事伦理道德不可接受的公司活动,也包括公司与伦理标准的比较。这些活动包括有不卫生或不安全的工作环境,支付低工资,歧视少数民族,使用童工,支持独裁政权和污染环境(爱泼斯坦2001)。该基金倾向于消除公司从其投资价值的公司名单如果基金判断一个公司在一个或多个一方面是有问题的;而且,他们往往会卖掉他们的股票如果已经在他们投资的公司。此外,SRI基金还利用一种被称为股东积极主义的方法。这意味着,公司正在接洽他们想投资的基金,并要求他们采取行动,考虑到股东所重视的环境和社会问题。框架不同,这意味着这些权利都是由股东提出议案的权利一样,做出决定并提出诉讼,代表他们(肾炎1991)。利益相关者或股东也可以被看作是那些对企业社会责任起限制作用的人,这些选择是他们考虑的。

美国论文代写:企业社会责任

On the contrary, in context of CSR there have been actions which are taken by the shareholders; in this respect the example of the social responsible investment funds could be provided. There is an approach to investment by the SRI funds which takes into consideration the environmental and social factors together with the financial performance when they select the firms with whom they wish to invest. These funds tend to have a firm position; this is true in the case of the institutional investors like the pension funds which work in USA and Europe (Schwaiger 2004). Negative Screening is one of the tools which are utilized by the SRI funds for the purpose of selection of the firms in which they wish to invest.

美国论文代写:企业社会责任
This encompass of elimination of firms which are engaged in the corporate activities which are ethically unacceptable and also includes comparison of firms with ethical criteria. These kinds of activities encompass of having unhygienic or unsafe working environment, paying low wages, discrimination against ethnic minorities, using child labor, supporting dictatorial regimes and polluting the environment (Epstein 2001).The fund tends to eliminate the firm from its list of the investment-worthy companies if the fund judges a company to be problematic in one or more than one aspects; moreover, they tend to sell up their share if they have already invested in that firm. Furthermore, SRI funds also utilize a method which is known as shareholder activism. This means that companies are approached by the fund in which they are thinking to invest and asks them to act in such a manner which takes into consideration the environmental and social concerns on which importance is being laid by the shareholders. To frame it differently, this means that those rights are used by the shareholders like rights to put forward motions, make decisions and bring forward lawsuits on their behalf (Goodpasture 1991). Stakeholders or shareholders could also be looked as the ones who function as restrictive factor on CSR of these options are taken into consideration by them.