The broadcasting policy making in Canada is made through group efforts of industries, socio-cultural and institutional sectors (Raboy, 1995). When policy reviews were done on the Federal Broadcasting Act of 1991, it was found that a range of tactics were deployed by various groups as an attempt for influencing the broadcasting policy according to the respective interests of those groups. In this article those categories were highlighted that had relative influences of various actors on the broadcasting policy of Canada. These actors were chosen in accordance with the resources used by them and the strategies used by them for maximizing their usage. The legislative changes were unlocked with the motive of providing access to the non-industrial public interest and socio-cultural groups to the policy process for the public broadcasting system (Abramson, 1999). In cases of economic interests the policy makers were directly addressed and the deployed means were radically increased. The outcomes of the resultant policy showed the position that the public action and direct pressure were the effective means of influencing the particular issue and the basis of interests that promote it. In simple terms the broadcasting public policies of Canada were influenced by the process of policy formation that was relative and even depended on the access of various factors towards the decision making process that was influenced by various parties.
The Canadian practice for broadcasting is quite peculiar and public participation is favoured by restoring committees and study groups. Even ad hoc structures were created and the influences of traditional power brokers were eluded. The ability and credibility to strike chord in public opinion depended on the power of influencing of these groups as these groups were normally without power. On the other hand the most influential factor for broadcasting policy decisions under certain circumstances can even be individual experts (Raboy, 1995). For any Canadian Broadcasting policy process the most critical element was the public consultation through which any actor can easily influence the policy process through participation. Decision makers were in direct access of all the resources up to a limit that was allowed by the channels of communication and resources. On social issues public intervention was far more effective where economic and socio cultural factors were involved. This was revelled through the research conducted that the disempowered actors can even provide surprising results if the process is provided with open up spaces.