Education is the most important pillar of any society. Standard and environment of education shape up the future economy, ethics, social values and development of the society. In order for a society to ensure stability and prosperity, it is essential to maintain healthy education system. There are certain differences reported among the students at all levels of education. This essay focuses on the differences based on class in higher education.
Higher education possess distinguished importance in any society as higher education produces professionals which make participation in the market and economy of the country once graduating from the institute. Therefore, it is necessary to provide professional, unbiased and constructive environment along with the uplifted quality of institutional standards. Higher education not only benefits the society by producing intellects and professionals, but also if the quality of higher education is up to the mark, it also attracts foreign students. Thus, it is strengthening the economy of the country. In this essay, class discrimination in higher education is analyzed under functionalist and conflict theory.
Researchers have stated that the number of years of education is the factor which determines the professional achievement, considering the social statuses. On contrary, social class plays a significant role in determining the level of education attained by the subject (Mallman, 2015). Although if a person is attains higher education, the more chances of acquiring a well job. This process results in social mobility and consequently education can transmit a person from one social class to another class. Therefore, it is established that class plays an important role in all stages of higher education including entering into higher education, participation of students, goal determination and achieving employment and stable social class in future.
When class is studied in context of higher education, the term of stratification is encountered several times. Stratification means the categorization of people based on social status, occupation, income group, wealth or economic power (Thomas, 2004). In short, stratification refers to distribution of social classes on broader spectrum. There are several research articles found on stratification in higher education based on educational theories. Functionalist theory and conflict theory are observed in this essay. These theories provide deep insight into the function of education.