本文主要讲述的是知觉与人格理论，当员工意识到他们的经理认为他们有能力表现出色时，他们的动机水平仍然很高。研究人员认为,经理可以有效地管理组织人员更好地理解知觉理论的发展中中性看法的员工和考虑方面性能、规律性,出席,贡献和创新为了建立某种感知(莫兰et al ., 2014)。此外，对感知的理解使管理者能够确定团队中需要额外支持和监督的不同成员，而不是那些能够更好地自治执行任务的人。本篇华盛顿论文代写文章由美国论文人EducationRen教育网整理，供大家参考阅读。
The level of motivation remains high when the employees are aware that their managers perceive them to be capable of performing high. The researchers have argued that the manager can effectively manage the organizational staff with the better understanding of the perception theories by developing neutral perceptions about the employees and considering the aspects of performance, regularity, attendance, contributions and innovations in order to establish a certain perception (Moran et al., 2014). Moreover, the understanding of perception allows the manager to determine the different members of the team that requires additional support and supervision than the individuals who can perform better with autonomy.
Therefore, the accurate perception allows the organizational managers and senior management to identify the problems associated with the individual employees and can effectively resolve the conflicts across team and interpersonal nature (Mitchell, 2013). Hence, the literature review suggested that adequate perceptions of managers impact the profitability and performance levels of the organization. The Gestalt theory of perception implies that the individuals view the world on the basis of the external surroundings and environment. According to the literature review, the perception forms place through the experiences for the situational interpretation (Mischel, 2013). It implies that the eventual outcome is anticipated when part of the other’s behaviour is viewed.
For an instance, when an employee shows a productive behaviour, the manager views them as a substantial human capital of organization, but when an unproductive behaviour is viewed, then a perception of an unproductive employee is developed (Miner, 2015). However, this biased perception often leads to selective attention given to some employees and other team members are neglected and not equally supported. Therefore, the overall understanding of this theory suggests assessing the overall behaviour, actions and skillset of the employees before forming a perception (Landy and Cante, 2016). The right perception development enables encouragement and support towards knowledge sharing and high productivity across the organization. This takes place from the motivation generated from the positive interpersonal relations.
Theory of personality is equally essential to be understood by the managers of global organizations (Fast et al., 2014). The literature review on personality has identified that personality is a set of characteristics held by an individual, which significantly influences the individual’s emotions, cognitions, environment, behaviours and motivations across wide range of organizational situations.