Essay格式:人工岛建设对生态环境的影响

23 10月 Essay格式:人工岛建设对生态环境的影响

Essay格式:人工岛建设对生态环境的影响

疏浚工程和填海造地工程的影响,加剧了原有的捕鱼影响。此外,亚洲国家在那里建造人工岛,对环境造成了重大影响。”从2012年到2015年,中国渔民一直使用附着在公用事业船上的大型加长螺旋桨来切割珊瑚礁,并为建造人工岛做准备。

“虽然在岛礁上建设不是什么新鲜事,但中国大规模建设军事基地和跑道却突然造成了前所未有的环境破坏;我们面临着大面积的珊瑚礁被掩埋的情况。最后,几乎有13平方公里- – 1 300万平方米- -被摧毁,就被埋在这些岛屿之下而言,这是一个巨大的震动”。

Essay格式:人工岛建设对生态环境的影响

然而,中国外交部的回应一直集中在表示,这些人工岛将主要用于民用目的。它可以用于搜索和救援行动的国防,然而,随着结束的范围,它将有军事行动。

对于环保人士对这种建设将对环境造成的影响提出的指责,中国南海研究所所长吴春云似乎表示,中国一直在参与具有更严格绿色精神的岛屿建设项目。然而,尽管有这些保证,事实仍然是任何建造都将破坏珊瑚礁并耗尽鱼类资源。由建筑引起的沉积物浓度可能会潜在地阻断阳光,直接影响珊瑚的生长,进而反过来影响鱼类,沉积物浓度可能会阻断鱼类的鳃而导致它们的死亡。

Essay格式:人工岛建设对生态环境的影响

“The impacts of the dredging and land reclamation projects are compounding the pre-existing impacts of fishingadding that the Asian countries building artificial islands there are having a substantial environmental impact. Between 2012 and 2015, Chinese fishermen have used large, extended propellers affixed to utility boats to chop the reefs and prepare for the construction of artificial islands” 。

“While building on the reefs is not new, China’s large-scale construction of a military base and runways is resulting in unprecedented environmental damage suddenly; we have this massive situation where large areas of coral reef are being buried. In the end, it was almost 13 square kilometres — 13 million square metres — that was destroyed, just in terms of being buried under these islands, and this was a huge, huge shock” .

Essay格式:人工岛建设对生态环境的影响

However, the response of the Chinese Foreign ministry has been focused on presenting that the artificial islands will be used mainly for civil purposes. It could be used for search and rescue operations in defence, however with that ends the scope of involvement, it will have in military operations.

To the accusations posed by environmentalists with respect to the environmental impact that such a construction will have, Wu Schiun, the President of the National Institute for South China Sea and Studies seems to state that China has been involved in island construction programs with a stricter green ethos. However, despite these assurances, the fact remains that any construction will damage the reefs and depletes fish stock . Sediment concentrations induced by constructions could potentially block of sunlight and affect the coral growth directly which will then affect the fishes alternatively, the sediment concentration could block the gills of the fish leading to their death.