北美代写:人工智能的编程方式分析

28 12月 北美代写:人工智能的编程方式分析

北美代写:人工智能的编程方式分析

在使用人工智能来理解认知心理学的案例中,提出了一个重要的反对意见,即人工智能模型是程式化的,因此不能成为理解人类认知的正确模型。人的认知是许多要素的创造,而不仅仅是某些范式或领域的信息输入和输出。认知科学协会赞助了一个项目,使用了一个叫Larry的程序,程序员Anderson等人(2006)可以用来回答这个相反的论点。

北美代写:人工智能的编程方式分析

拉里程序是一个智能程序,因为它做出正确的决定来赢得比赛。与其他人工智能模块(比如洗衣机中使用的控制器)不同,拉里程序能够进行智能猜测,并将这些猜测存储起来,作为训练和改善认知网络的一部分。现在,考虑一个相反的论点,任何被编程的东西都不可能是智能的,因此也就不能帮助人类理解认知心理学。现在可以说拉里并不聪明。任何被编程的东西都不可能是智能的这种假设或论证可以在一个条件下被接受。条件是人类不可能以任何方式被编程。然而,事实仍然是不能确定人类没有被编程。从某种意义上说,它们的编程方式与计算机不同,但在某些方面它们仍在被编程。社会教给他们的思维方式是编程的一种形式。

北美代写:人工智能的编程方式分析

An important counter argument which is presented in the case of using AI for understanding cognitive psychology is that AI models are programmed and hence cannot be the right models of understanding human cognizance. Human cognizance is the creation of many elements and not just information input and output from some paradigms or domains. A consortium on Cognitive Science sponsored project using a program called Larry, and programmers Anderson et al. (2006) can be used to answer for this counter argument.

北美代写:人工智能的编程方式分析

The Larry program is an intelligent program because it makes the right decisions to win the game. Unlike other AI modules such as say a controller being used in a washing machine, the Larry program was one that was able to make intelligent guesses and store these guesses as part of training and improving its cognitive network. Now, consider the counter argument that anything that is programmed cannot be intelligent and hence consequentially cannot assist humans in understanding cognitive psychology. Now it could be said that the Larry is not intelligent. This assumption or argument which anything that is programmed cannot be intelligent can be accepted on one condition. The condition is that humans cannot have been programmed in any way. However, the fact remains that it cannot really be established that humans are not programmed. In a sense, it can be argued that they are not programmed the same way as computers are, but they are still being programmed in some ways. Their ways of thinking as society has taught them is a form of programming.