assignment代写-生态遭到严重破坏

27 7月 assignment代写-生态遭到严重破坏

本篇文章讲述的是生态遭到了严重破坏,生态学家长期以来一直反对全球化,因为他们坚信,贸易自由化没有考虑到污染控制和资源使用等关键环境问题。根据世界卫生组织(世卫组织)的说法,穷国对自然资源不可持续的消耗速度已经产生了牵强的环境后果,而这种消耗基本上是由较富裕的经济体完成的。臭氧层的损耗和有毒废物的产生,在以过高的速度消耗自然资源的同时,也造成了严重的健康风险,不幸的是,受益于这些资源的人几乎不承担这些风险。(经合组织,2008年)本篇assignment代写文章由美国论文人EducationRen教育网整理,供大家参考阅读。

Ecologists have long been against globalization as they firmly believe that trade liberalization takes place without taking into account key environmental issues such as pollution control and resource usage. According to World Health Organization (WHO), that unsustainable rate of consumption of natural resources in poor countries which is essentially done by the wealthier economies has farfetched environmental consequences. While it is depleting the natural resources at an exorbitant rate, the depletion of ozone layer and production of toxic waste products has also caused stern health risks and unfortunately, the risks are barely borne by the people who benefit from the resources. (OECD, 2008)
Globalization causes deforestation due to conversion of forests into agricultural fields and industrial plants. According to OECD, world lost 3 percent of its forests between 1990 and 2005. Besides, 200 square kilometre of forest land which is approximately twice the size of Paris disappears every day. As a result, UNO predicts poverty boom in the medium term mainly stemming from deforestation and water scarcity. In the next 70 years, 1.8 billion people will be deprived of water with Northern China, Central Asia and Andes being the major risk areas. (UNEP, 2007)
Financial globalization on one hand has rendered more integrated and sturdy financial and commercial markets, but on the other hand, it has also led to financial volatility and crises. The imperfection in one financial market creates bubbles, herding behaviour, speculation and crashes even in the markets with sound financial fundamentals.
Besides, if the country becomes dependent on foreign capital, any shift in capital flows can create financial difficulties and economic downturn which spread across economies. For example, between 1973 and 1997, there were 44 financial crises in developing countries and 95 in the emerging markets which led to respective output losses of 6.25 percent and 9.21 percent of GDP. (IMF, 2014)

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