Peace building is unmanageable and unachievable to any nation without incorporation DDR program in their pact of peace. The disarmament, demobilization and reintegration program is considered an essential element of the peace making process in any region after a war or conflict is ended. This program is also a key element in sustaining the peace and security of the region for the interest of society and promoting the economy and social well-being of the nation. Disarmament and demobilization of armed troops and weapon equipped individuals is necessary for their confidence building and endorsing trust among the conflicting groups and the society (Zawels, 1996).
Disarmament and demobilization of the groups help them to discharge their weaponry and build a sense of security in them, while reintegration is necessary to locate them in a prosperous position in the society (Hanggi, 2005). Proper reintegration of former combatants allows them to gain their pre-war status in the community and rebuild their social lives (Brethfeld, 2010; Sriram and Herman, 2009). In the reintegration process, it is extremely important to provide them with sufficient opportunities of employment in the society so that they never revert back to violence (KIngma, 2001; Marley, 1999).
While a country heads towards the peace building process, either at the end of conflict or to ensure sustainable human security in the society, DDR program assist them to build confidence and trust among the conflicting groups and general public (Brzoska, 2005; Ozerdem, 2009). However, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration are complex tasks to perform. They require proper and professional planning and training of the conducting staff to run a successful peace-making program, because if the authorities fail to achieve a success in DDR, the former combatants may prove to be more harmful, aggressive and violent to the society and repeated conflicts may arise (Lilly, 2002). This will consequently harm the dignity as well as the economy of the nation.