美国论文代写:中央银行干预利率

26 7月 美国论文代写:中央银行干预利率

美国论文代写:中央银行干预利率

在银行间市场中,中央银行干预的利率,以管理日常的流动性被称为干预利率。金融交易商将一种金融工具出售给另一种金融工具的回购和出售,在某一特定日期,他们同意将其回购,即回购利率。有两条腿回购交易;价值日期、回购卖方出售证券(抵押品)为同意买方的钱(初始事务);蚂蚁成熟,卖方回购证券最初的总和,和支付换取现金的使用收益期间回购。

在德国、法国和意大利,由于回购利率低于预期,导致消费减少,投资减少,需求减少,通货膨胀率降低

因此,在利率上升的国家,在利率上升的时期,干预措施是为了强化本币。如表4 – 2所示,可能发生的情况是租金经济,生产下降,就业减少,收入分配不公。

最后,政府想要改善现状,改善政府的预算,然后是实际GDP和政府预算之间的差距,从而导致经济环境更加糟糕(Baillie和Willian 2008)。

在快速增长的成员中,信贷泡沫是由这个因素创造的,因为他们提高了杠杆率,而在一段时间内,资产泡沫是在真实和金融资产中产生的。因此,当政府被迫增加公共开支以避免救助或更大的衰退时,这种高水平私人债务的一部分成为了主权债务的一部分。与此同时,一些陷入困境的私人银行也从泡沫破裂中遭受了巨大的税收损失。正是由于意料之外的金融危机和设计失败,欧元区一些成员国的主权债务危机已经发生。

美国论文代写:中央银行干预利率

The rate at which there is an intervention by the central bank in the interbank market so as to manage the liquidity of day-to-day is known as intervention rate. The repurchase and sale of agreement in which a financial dealer sells a financial instrument to another in which on a given date they agree to buy them back is known as repo rate. There are two legs to a repo transaction; on the value date, the repo seller sells securities (collateral) to the buyer for an agreed sum of money (initial transaction); ant maturity, the seller repurchase the securities for the original sum, and pays a return for the use of the cash proceeds during the term of the repo.
In Germany, France, and Italy, as the repo rates is low of expectation, it was leading decrease in consumption, reduction in investment, and reduction in demand and lower inflation
So in country with a higher intervention rate, in periods of rising rate of interest, interventions are made to strengthen the domestic currency. As the mechanism showed in the Table 4-2, the possible following happens are rent economy, decease in production, and decrease in employment and injustice in income distribution.
Finally, the government wants to make up the situation and improve the amount of budget of government, then the gap between real GDP and government budget, resulting in a more badly economic environment (Baillie and Willian 2008).
In the fast growing members a credit bubble was created by this factor because they raised the leverage and over a period of time asset bubble was produced in real and financial asset. Thus, when governments were forced to raise public expenditure so as to avoid bailout or larger recession; a part of this high level private debt became the part of the sovereign debt. At the same time coming from the burst of the bubbles some distressed private banks suffered a huge fall in the tax revenues. It is because of the unexpected financial crisis and design failure that the present sovereign debt crisis in some members of Eurozone has occurred.